Chondroid syringoma is a rare, usually benign skin tumor of sweat glands. Most of the lesion around 80% occurs on neck and head and with adult over 35 years of age. These tumors can also appear on foot, hand, abdomen, vulva, penis, scrotum and axillary region.
Male are most affected then females. But when it occurs as malignant chondroid syringoma, younger females seems to have affected more then males and usually seen on trunk and extremities. In malignant form it can infiltrate locally and also metastasize to lung, bone and lymph nodes. These tumors grow on skin slowly and are painless, firm and not ulcerated. Their size may range from 0.5 to 3 cm. The diagnosis of this rare tumor is made with microscopic examination.
Several treatment options for Chondroid syringoma have been documented on research and have been tried. These options includes dermabrasion, electrodesiccation and vaporization with CO2 lasers and argon lasers. But the most successful and first line of treatment options includes total excision of the tumor without destroying the functional structure and aesthetics. Total excision will minimize the risk of malignancy. Recurrence doesn’t usually occur if excised completely but one should follow up after the total excision on regular interval to look up for any recurrence or any feature of malignancy. If the lesion reoccur it can be treated with surgical re-excision.